As a father of two with an extensive extended family which lives close by, my home has a lot of people going to and fro on any given day. My wife and I are constantly thinking about things that could be a danger to our family or friends in and around our household .
The amount of traffic through my home combined with my recent addiction to acrylic painting makes a situation where I need to be fully cognizant of any hazard my new hobby poses to me and my family.
Is Acrylic Paint Safe? Acrylic paint is generally very safe. Unlike oil based paints, acrylic paints are made from water based solvents. It is recommended that you always read the label of paints, mediums, and accessories that you use and to follow the instructions provided by the manufacturers.
In additional to reading the warnings on labels, you should take some time to familiarize yourself with common practices for keeping you and those around you safe. I have provided a short list of things that have helped me make my budding acrylic painting passion as safe as possible.
Acrylic Paints are Made of Water Based Solvents
Acrylic paint is the combination of a color pigment and an acrylic polymer emulsion. Don’t worry, I didn’t know what that meant either so I did a little research.
An emulsion is a mixture of two liquids that don’t normally mix. Milk is an example of an emulsion as it a combination of milk and fat. Put together, these two substances would normally separate. Mixed via a specific scientific process, the fat is suspended in the water in a way that makes it appear to be a single liquid.
Acrylic is a plastic substance. It is made from methyl methacrylate, or MMA, which is a colorless liquid. MAA does not easily yellow when exposed to sunlight and is highly resistant to weather damage. When dry, it hardens into a solid. These properties, paired with it’s non-toxic nature, make it an ideal material to use in painting applications.
As mentioned above, acrylic paint in an emulsion of acrylic and polymer. This emulsion or solution can be dissolved by water, and therefore, is recognized as being water soluble. In addition, it is a perfect “binder” or connector for pigment/color. This mixture of color and binder yields the acrylic paint you are familiar with today.
A very similar paint type — latex — is used in many common applications including home interior and exterior paint. Some lesser quality paints use Vinyl or PVA resins, which are also plastic-like substances, to help decrease the costs of making acrylic paint.
Cleaning Up Acrylic Paint
As was mentioned above, acrylic paint is water soluble and can, therefore, be easily broken down by adding water.
The easiest way to clean up acrylic paint is by using warm soapy water. Gently rub the paint you want to clean with the warm soapy water and then rinse. Repeat as many times as is necessary.
Another common way to clean acrylic paint is to rub baby oil into the paint. To use this method, rub the baby oil into the paint slowly. Eventually, the paint will break up into smaller pieces and become suspended in the oil, which can then be wiped off altogether.
When acrylic paint dries, it turns into a solid material. This solid requires additional effort to be disconnected from the surface. To clean up dried acrylic paint on your skin, rubbing gently for an extended period of time will help pull the dried acrylic out.
To clean other more stubborn surfaces more rigorous methods may needed. An old toothbrush for smaller jobs and a bristle brush for the larger jobs can be used in addition to warm soapy water to pull the dried paint off of the affected area.
What to do if Acrylic Paint is Ingested?
If you or someone you know ingests a small amount of paint, think fingernail size or less, you should generally have nothing to be concerned about. Wash any additional paint off and drink a modest cup of water.
In case of allergic or other reactions, the individual should be monitored for at least a few hours until the paint passes through their system.
Consuming or ingesting larger amounts of acrylic paint or getting paint in your eye can be dangerous, and you should immediately consult your local primary care physician or Poison Control.
In the case of Poison Control, US residents are encouraged to access an online tool called webPOISONCONTROL or to call 1-800-222-1222. The web portal or the agent on the phone can help you quickly determine the best course of action for your situation. This service is confidential and free of charge.
“Known to Cause Cancer in the State of California” Warning Label
Many labels today contain a warning similar to the following. “Items in this container may contain chemicals or substances known the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm.”
This warning is a requirement derived from the California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986. This warning must be provided on anything that includes an item from a list the state maintains of around 900 chemicals. This list changes periodically. As of August 2018, this warning is required to be much more specific due to new legislation.
This list includes items like coffee which naturally creates what are considered hazardous materials during the roasting process. In many cases companies are removing these substances from their products even though they only have minuscule amounts of these items present — thus removing the requirement to print the warning on their packaging.
Some of the pigments used to create various colors are made from, or partially made from, items on this list and thus require the warning if sold in California. It is recommended that you research for yourself the affects of these items and use proper caution and care when using them.
Ultimately, acrylic paints very safe when used properly. Always follow the manufacturer recommendations when using acrylic paints. Appropriate use of acrylic paints followed by proper cleaning and storage of your paints will result in a safe environment to enjoy this amazing artistic medium.
Should I wear a mask when spraying or airbrushing acrylic paints? Appropriate safety equipment should always be worn when spraying or airbrushing acrylic paints including a mask and goggles. While the paint may not be toxic, spraying paint causes paint particles to be suspended in the air, which without safely equipment, will ultimately end up in your lungs or eyes over time.
Can I paint my child’s face with acrylic paints? You should not use acrylic paint for application directly to the skin. While acrylics are generally safe, some pigments are known to be toxic. Some of these toxins can be absorbed through the skin. In most cases they cause minor irritation, but other symptoms are possible.